Travel apartheid – huge gap in global passport power in 2022


(LONDON, Jan. 11, 2022 PRNewswire=Yonhap) Latest Henley Passport Index[https://www.henleyglobal.com/passport-index ] According to the results, the travel freedom of the top countries, Japan and Singapore, reached an all-time high, but the global mobility gap was the largest since the Henry Passport Index was created 17 years ago. If temporary corona-related restrictions are not taken into account, Japanese and Singaporean passport holders can enter 192 countries around the world without a visa. That’s 166 more countries than the countries where Afghan passport holders, which ranked the bottom in the Henry Passport Index, can enter without a visa.

The global mobility gap between rich and poor countries is widening, which was highlighted last year when stringent omicron-related restrictions came into force, mainly in African countries. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has referred to it as “like Travel Apartheid”. This is a phenomenon that has occurred even though the overall degree of freedom of travel has greatly expanded over the past 20 years. The International Air Transport Association ranks all passports in the world according to the number of countries that can enter without a prior visa.[https://www.iata.org/ ]Henry Passport Index based on proprietary data from (IATA)[https://www.henleyglobal.com/passport-index ]According to the data released so far, in 2006, an average of 57 countries could be visited without a visa. Currently, the number has increased to 107 countries, but behind this overall increase is a growing gap between the developed countries in the northern hemisphere and the underdeveloped countries in the southern hemisphere. Citizens of countries like Sweden and the United States can visit more than 180 countries without a visa, while Angola, Cameroon and Lao passport holders can enter only about 50 countries.

COVID-19 exacerbates global mobility inequality

Germany and South Korea held joint second place in the latest Henry Passport Index. German and Korean passport holders can enter 190 countries without a visa. Finland, Italy, Luxembourg and Spain tied for third with 189 points. The United States and the United Kingdom, which fell to eighth place in 2020 (the lowest positions recorded by the United States and the United Kingdom in the 17-year history of the Henry Passport Index), regained some of their former strength and are now tied for sixth place. The United States and the United Kingdom scored 186 visa-free/visa-arrival scores.

Henley & Partners[https://www.henleyglobal.com/ ] Chairman and inventor of the concept of the passport index, Dr. Christian H. Kaelin[https://chriskalin.com/ ]mentioned that the opening of migration channels is essential for recovery in the post-pandemic era. “Passports and visas are determinants of global mobility opportunities, and are one of the most important tools influencing social inequality worldwide,” he said. emphasized. “Wealthy countries will need to encourage positive inward movement to help redistribute and rebalance human and physical resources globally,” he added.

Migration Policy Centre의 Mehari Taddele Maru Professor[https://www.henleyglobal.com/author/prof-mehari-taddele-maru ]is the latest Henry Passport Index[https://www.henleyglobal.com/passport-index ] In addition to the ranking, the Henley Global Mobility Report for Q1 2022 released this time[https://www.henleyglobal.com/publications/global-mobility-report/2022-q1 ]“The costly requirements associated with international mobility institutionalize inequality and discrimination,” he said. and made it worse,” he said.

Uncertainty expected to continue in 2022

Misha Glenny, award-winning journalist and associate professor at Columbia University’s Harriman Institute[https://www.henleyglobal.com/publications/global-mobility-report/2022-q1/global-mobility-trends/large-dose-uncertainty-smatterings-hope ]Commenting in this report on the impact of the pandemic on the broader geopolitical trends of migration and mobility, he noted that “the omicron variation itself represents a major geopolitical failure.” “If the US, UK and EU had given more funding and vaccines to southern Africa, the chances of such a powerful new mutation would have been much lower,” he said. Mutations may continue to occur and return to the origin,” he said.

Dr. World-renowned cardiologist and internal medicine specialist and advisor to the Swiss SIP Medical Family Office, Dr. Andreas Brauchlin[https://www.henleyglobal.com/publications/global-mobility-report/2022-q1/travel-mobility-trends/%20residence-status-determines-access ]also agreed with this opinion. “An individual’s health and immunization status have as much impact on mobility as a passport’s visa-free access,” he said in the report. In some cases, it may be impossible to move.”

View full press release [https://www.henleyglobal.com/newsroom/press-releases/2022-henley-passport-index]
View Henry’s Global Mobility Report, Q1 2022[https://www.henleyglobal.com/publications/global-mobility-report/2022-q1]


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