Covid: South America, the region that went from being the worst in the world for the pandemic to the one with the highest vaccination



South America is the region with the worst records in this covid-19 pandemic in the world, with the deadliest waves and the highest accumulation of deaths from this disease on the planet.

Since the deaths of patients with covid-19 began to be registered, in South America there have been 2,740 deaths per million inhabitants, according to the Our World in Data database. In the United States there were 2,450; in Europe, 2,000; and in Asia, 267.

The maximum number of daily deaths throughout this pandemic also occurred in South America, with an average of 10.85 per million inhabitants in April this year.

However, the subcontinent ends 2021 with an auspicious data: it is the one with the highest vaccination against the coronavirus, with 63.4% of its population completely inoculated (one or two doses, as corresponds to each drug) and 74.3% of its 434 million people with at least one dose, according to official figures published by the Pan American Health Organization as of Thursday 23.

In addition, from December 17 to 23, it had a daily average of 0.7 deaths per million inhabitants, six times less than Europe or the United States, according to Our World in Data.

Europe is the second region with the most fully vaccinated, with 60.5%, while an additional 4.2% of the population is partially inoculated.

North America ranks third, with 59.6% of the 500 million inhabitants of Mexico, the United States and Canada with the complete process, with at least one dose they were 71.4% until Thursday, December 23.

The Caribbean registers 43% complete vaccination and 49% with at least one dose, and Central America 42% and 54%, respectively.

The American continent as a whole had 59.7% of those vaccinated with two doses (or single doses), 70.8% with at least one dose, and 10.6% with booster doses.

Oceania has 58% of its population inoculated with two doses and Asia with 55%. Last is Africa, with just 8.8% of its inhabitants with the complete immunization process.

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The best of the best

The country with the best vaccination level in South America is Chile, where 85.6% of its inhabitants received the complete schedule. There, children as young as 3 years old can receive the injections.

They are followed by Uruguay (76.6%), Argentina (76.5%), Ecuador (69.1%) and Brazil (65.7%).

In worse condition come Guyana, Bolivia and Suriname, below 40%.

Third doses

Although two countries in South America – Chile and Uruguay – register high levels of vaccination with booster doses (52.7% and 42.7%, respectively), the average for the subcontinent is considerably lower (8.8%).

Europe is the continent with the highest number of booster doses applied (21.5%).

In North America, 13.4% of the population received the booster dose.

Oceania (5%) and Asia (4%) are the regions where fewer third doses have been administered, except Africa, where the application of third doses has been marginal.

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JM

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