▷ Crafts: 3.6% more sales in the 3rd quarter of 2021 / Crafts with moderate increases in sales

10.12.2021 – 08:00

Federal Office of Statistics


Sales in trades subject to authorization, 3rd quarter 2021

+ 3.6% compared to the same quarter of the previous year

Employees in skilled trades subject to authorization, end of September 2021

-1.2% year-on-year

In the 3rd quarter of 2021, sales in the skilled trades that require a license in Germany increased by 3.6% compared to the 3rd quarter of 2020. After a significant recovery (+ 11.4%) in the 2nd quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year, the positive development continues. As the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports after preliminary results, at the end of September 2021 there were 1.2% fewer people working in the skilled trades subject to licensing than at the end of September 2020. The decline in employment is therefore continuing. At the end of June 2021, 1.0% fewer people were working in the skilled trades that required a license than a year earlier.

Sales growth of 12.8% in the trades for commercial needs

In five of the seven trade groups in the trades subject to authorization, higher sales were generated in the third quarter of 2021 than in the same quarter of the previous year.

Crafts for commercial use recorded the strongest sales growth (+ 12.8%). The two largest branches of industry in this group – precision mechanics (+17.0%) and metal workers (+12.5%) – made a particular contribution to this. It can be assumed that the high price increases for intermediate goods, especially metals, and the increased demand in the “mechanical engineering” branch of industry have contributed to the increase in sales. The finishing trade (+ 8.4%) also generated significantly more sales. The driving force here was the increase in sales among electrical engineers (+13.4%).

In the healthcare industry (+4.3%), construction (+2.8%) and the food industry (+1.5%) there were also increases in sales, but these were much more moderate.

Two groups of trades recorded sales losses: the motor vehicle trade (-6.3%) and the trades for private use (-3.3%). In the motor vehicle trade, both motor vehicle technicians (-6.6%) and two-wheel mechanics (-4.5%) experienced declines in sales. The reason for the decline in sales in the automotive industry is likely to be material bottlenecks, for example in the area of ​​microchips.

The decline in employment is most pronounced in the crafts for private use

In five out of seven trade groups, fewer people were employed at the end of September 2021 than at the end of September 2020. Employment fell in the crafts for private use (-9.0%) the most. The main reason for this development is the sustained decline in hairdressing companies (-11.0%). At the end of June 2021, fewer people were employed in hairdressing companies (-9.9%) than a year earlier.

Methodological notes:

The preliminary results for the third quarter of 2021 are based on the amendment to the Crafts Code in 2020. As a result, twelve branches of trade have switched from the non-licensed skilled trades to the skilled trades subject to licensing.

In addition, the two trades wood and building protection and undertaker were included in the license-free trade. Due to the changes, the results are shown after the new base year 2020 and the temporal comparability of the overall positions with earlier results is limited.

The tables of the craft reports (53211) in the GENESIS-Online database contain detailed results on the economic development of the skilled trades. In addition, the information is published in the technical series 4, series 7.1 “Employees and turnover in the skilled trades”.

The complete press release as well as further information and functions are available on the website of the Federal Statistical Office at https://www.destatis.de/pressemitteilungen to find.

Further information:

Quarterly craft reports,

Phone: +49 611 75 4639


Press contact:

Questions to the above contact person or to:
Federal Office of Statistics

Press office

Phone: +49 611-75 34 44

Original content by: Federal Statistical Office, transmitted by news aktuell


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