Status: 01.11.2021 9:52 p.m.
India is the third largest producer of CO2 emissions, but has a comparatively low per capita output. Now the country has announced for the first time by when it wants to be climate neutral: 2070. Premier Modi is primarily fighting for climate justice.
India has for the first time named a goal for its climate neutrality: As Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced at the COP26 in Glasgow, the country is aiming for this status by 2070. However, as the third largest CO2 emitter, India is way behind: According to UN figures, more than 130 countries have set themselves the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050.
In addition to the goal of climate neutrality, Modi announced improvements in other areas. According to this, India also wants to drive the expansion of renewable energies and achieve a total non-fossil fuel capacity of 500 gigawatts by 2030 instead of the previous 450 gigawatts. Also by 2030, 50 percent of India’s energy needs are to be met from renewables. The so-called carbon intensity of the Indian economy is to be reduced by 45 percent by the end of the decade. So far, 35 percent were planned.
According to Modi, India wants to reduce its carbon footprint with the help of its huge rail network, among other things. Every year, more people use the Indian rail system than the world population, Modi emphasized. “This huge rail network has set itself the goal of being climate-neutral by 2030. This initiative alone will reduce emissions by 60 million tons a year.”
Modi calls for financial aid again
Modi stressed that India and other emerging economies’ pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions require financial support from the rich and historically largest emitters. Modi criticized the previous commitments made by states in the area of climate finance as “hollow”. The rich states must provide climate aid amounting to a trillion dollars “as soon as possible,” he demanded.
India is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. However, compared to the other major economies, the country has the lowest per capita emissions. The Indian population is responsible for only five percent of the global greenhouse gases emitted – even though India alone makes up 17 percent of the world’s population.
According to the Indian Ministry of the Environment, every Indian produces about 1.9 tons of carbon per year, up from 7.1 tons for the average European Union citizen, 8.4 tons for a Chinese, and 18 tons for the average US citizen.
Government wants to fight for “climate justice”
India has long demanded that the European and North American states should bear the lion’s share of the costs of the climate crisis, since they are historically the largest emitters and have pushed their industrialization on the backs of the whole world. Before the start of the world climate conference in Glasgow, the government in New Delhi announced that it would fight for “climate justice” there.